Indian Space Research Organisation has released a set of fresh photos of the surface of the moon and its craters that were taken by the Terrain Mapping Camera-2 of the Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft. The new images give a glimpse of the surface of craters like Jackson, Mitra, Mach, and Korolev.
ISRO said the images were clicked on August 23 at an altitude of about 4,375 km. It further added that Jackson is an impact crater located in the northern hemisphere of the far side of the Moon. The crater’s diameter is 71 km.
The western outer rim of the Mach crater, names as Mitra, is another impact crater named with 92 km in diameter. “It is named after Prof. Sisir Kumar Mitra, who was an Indian physicist and Padma Bhushan recipient known for his pioneering work in the field of ionosphere and radiophysics,” ISRO said.
ISRO also released pictures showing impact craters such as Sommerfeld, Korolev, and Kirkwood. The Korolev crater, that is visible in the image, is a 437-km wide crater which has several small craters of differing sizes. Sommerfeld is a large impact crater located in the farside northern latitudes of the Moon, which is 169 km in diameter. It also has a relatively flat interior surrounded by a ring mountain. A number of smaller craters lie along the rim edge.
Interestingly, the crater is named after a German physicist Dr. Arnold Sommerfeld. He was a pioneer in the field of atomic and quantum physics. Kirkwood crater, which is named after the American astronomer Daniel Kirkwood, lies northeast which is approximately 68 km in diameter, ISRO said.
The pictures of the impact craters Plaskettis (109 km wide), Rozhdestvensky (177 km wide) and Hermite (104 km wide, one of the coldest spots in the solar system) were also released.